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Mons Graupius Identified

 “…which will you choose – to follow your leader into battle, or to submit to taxation, labour in the mines, and all the other tribulations of slavery? Whether you are to endure these for...

Battle of Killiecrankie and the Jacobite Rising of 1689

At the battle of Killiecrankie on 27 July 1689, Scottish government forces under the command of Major-General Hugh Mackay of Scourie were defeated by a Jacobite army loyal to the deposed King James commanded...

Roman roads in Scotland

Myth and fable surround much common understanding of Roman roads, they are for instance proverbial for their straightness and all lead to Rome. Or at least so we are commonly told. The purpose of...

Battle of Dunkeld during the Jacobite Rising of 1689

At the battle of Dunkeld on 21 August 1689, the Jacobites under the command of Brigadier-General Alexander Cannon attacked a Scottish government force of Cameronians, commanded by Lieutenant-Colonel William Cleland, in and around the town...

The Siege of Newcastle 1644

Crossing the Tweed in January 1644, the Army of the Solemn League and Covenant, led by Alexander Leslie, Earl of Leven advanced rapidly into England in support of the English Parliament and only narrowly...

Roman Forts in Scotland

Scotland can boast of a great many Roman forts, though unfortunately few now have upstanding remains. Often all that can be seen is the profile of the flat fort platform. In some instances, however,...

The Tribes of Ancient Scotland

Authors note: Before we proceed, we would like to offer a quick explanation of the title of this article and the thoughts driving the article's production. Scotland is an ancient country, older than most other...

Disappearance of the Ninth Legion

Pick up a paper or read a web article which makes mention of the mysterious disappearance of the Roman Ninth Legion - IX Hispana - from the historical record and chances are these days...